The only known skeleton of Karaurus

Karaurus is a salamander from Jurassic Kazakhstan. It is one of the oldest known salamanders.


The only known skeleton of Karaurus (which is likely a juvenile) is about 20 centimeters long. It is heavily built, with a broad head.[1]


Karaurus belongs to its own family, Karauridae, along with the genus Kokartus.[2]


Karaurus was found in Karatau Ridge in Kazakhstan[3], which was once a lake bed. It was described in 1978 by Mikhael Ivachnenko.[4]


Karaurus probably fed on freshwater crustaceans and insects.[5]


  1. DK LTD. Prehistoric Life: The Definitive Visual History of Life on Earth. New York: DK Publishing, 2009. Print.
  2. L. A. Nessov. 1988. Late Mesozoic amphibians and lizards of Soviet Middle Asia. Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia 31(14):475-486 [E. Fara/E. Fara]
  5. Palmer, D., ed (1999). The Marshall Illustrated Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Animals. London: Marshall Editions. p. 57. ISBN 1-84028-152-9.

Ad blocker interference detected!

Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.